Tuesday, August 1, 2017


It was built on the ruins of the Baths of Constantine which were completely destroyed in the process of building this palace
Among the statues found here:
Two “Dioscuri, Castor and Pollux” in Piazza del Quirinale
Two “Colossal river gods: the Tiber and the Nile”. Originally the Tiber represented the Tigris and it was later transformed with the addition of twins
Both the Dioscuri and the river gods probably originally decorated the nearby Temple of Serapis
Statue of “Constantine II” and “Costantius” transferred to Piazza del Campidoglio
“Statue of Constantine” moved to the atrium of the Basilica of St. John Lateran
The building was begun in 1605 by Flaminio Ponzio (1560/1613) for Cardinal Scipione Caffarelli Borghese (1577/1633)
It was completed in the years 1613/16 by Carlo Maderno (1556/1629)
It belonged to the Altemps family, to Cardinal Jules Mazarin, to the Mancini family and it was bought in 1704 by the Pallavicini Rospigliosi who are still the owners
Frescoes by Giovanni Mannozzi aka Giovanni da S. Giovanni (1592/1636)
Frescoes by Guido Reni (1575/1642) and Paul Brill (1554/1626)
Decorations with historical subjects by Giovanni Mannozzi aka Giovanni da S. Giovanni
Pallavicini Little House
In the ceiling of the central room:
“Aurora” 1614 by Guido Reni
“Guido, in his great fresco, took a subject which has long been a favorite, and illuminated it by the fire of his genius. So happily has he done this, so deeply has he touched men by his work, that The Aurora stands as one of that line of twelve pictures that most move and delight the world” (Jennie Ellis Keysor)
On the entrance lunette “Triumph of Love and Fame” by Antonio Tempesta (about 1555/1630)
On the walls “Four Seasons” about 1605 by Paul Brill (1554/1626)
“After 1600 Paul Brill was more and more under the influence of the Carraccis. The style of his landscapes essentially becomes easier and calmer, without detracting from the pleasant objectivity of the representations. The Four Seasons are a masterpiece with their clear perspective, the excellent rendition of their foliage and their beautiful patterns. They compare to the Seasons of Matteo da Siena in the Sala Ducale as the fulfillment to the promise” (Hermann Voss)
In the other two rooms:
“Rinaldo and Armida” by Giovanni Baglione (1566/1643) and “Combat of Armida” by Domenico Crespi aka Passignano (1559/1638)
Behind the Palace of the Gallery NYMPHAEUM called “The Theatre” 1611 maybe by Jan Van Santen aka Giovanni Vasanzio (1550/1621) with statues of Rivers “Po” and “Tiber” by Taddeo Landini (about 1550/96)
Paintings by Orazio Lomi aka Orazio Gentileschi (1563/1639) with quadrature perspectives by Agostino Tassi (1578/1644)
A third building (there were three stepped terraces) was destroyed for the opening of Via Nazionale and the frescoes by Ludovico Cardi aka Cigoli were moved to the Museo di Roma in Palazzo Braschi
Pallavicini Gallery
(Unfortunately it is not open to the public)
It is one of the most important art collections in Rome with about 540 paintings, begun by Lazzaro Pallavicini
It would be fabulous if the Pallavicini family would open to the public their incredible private collection as other families in Rome such as the Doria Pamphilj or the Colonna beautifully do
Some of the painters of the works in the collection:
Giovanni Francesco Barbieri aka Guercino (1591/1666), Federico Fiori aka Barocci (1535/1612), Jacopo Da Ponte aka Jacopo Bassano (about 1510/92), Pietro Berrettini akaPietro da Cortona (1597/1669), three by Sandro Filipepi aka Botticelli (1445/1510), Paul Brill (1554/1626), Annibale Carracci (1560/1609), Ludovico Carracci (1555/1619), Antonio Circignani aka Pomarancio (about 1568/1629), Sebastiano Conca (1680/1764), Antoon Van Dyck (1599/1641), Luigi Garzi (1638/1721), G.B. Gaulli aka Baciccio (1639/1709), Giacinto Gimignani (1606/81), Luca Giordano (1634/1705), Filippino Lippi (about 1457/1504), Lorenzo Lotto (about 1480/1556), Carlo Maratta (1625/1713), Jacopo Negretti aka Jacopo Palma il Giovane (1544/1628), Nicolas Poussin (1594/1665), Guido Reni (1575/1642), Cristoforo Roncalli aka Pomarancio (1552/1626), two by Pieter Paul Rubens (1577/1640), Francesco de' Rossi aka Francesco Salviati (1510/63), Luca Signorelli (1445/1523), Francesco Solimena (1657/1747), Antonio Tempesta (about 1555/1630), Jacopo Robusti aka Tintoretto (1518/94), Francesco Trevisani (1656/1746), Diego Rodriguez de Silva y Velásquez (1599/1660), Domenico Zampieri aka Domenichino (1581/1641)

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